March 2, 2017

What to do for a sprained ankle?

Foot and Ankle | Sports Injury | Urgent Care

THIS POST IS PART OF THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO SPORTS MEDICINE

Ankle sprains are common injuries that occur to people of all ages and can range from mild to severe. An ankle sprain occurs when the ligaments that support the ankle stretch beyond their limits and tear.

Anatomy

Ligaments are strong tissues that connect bones to other bones. Ligaments in the ankle help to keep the bones in proper position and stabilize the joint. Most sprained ankles occur on the outside of the ankle and can range from tiny tears in the fibers that make up the ligament to complete tears through the tissue.

Without proper treatment a sprain can weaken your ankle, which makes it more likely that you will injure your ankle again. Over time, this can result in damage to the bones and cartilage of the ankle joint such as chronic ankle pain, arthritis and ongoing instability.

Cause

Ankle sprains can occur due to your foot twisting unexpectedly during a variety of activities including: sports activities, falling down and walking or exercising on uneven surfaces.

Sprained ankle symptoms

  • Immediate ankle pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness to the touch
  • Difficulty walking

Physician examination

Your physician will ask you for a complete medical history and how the injury occurred, have you describe your symptoms and conduct a physical examination. An X-ray or MRI  may be necessary to rule out other problems.

Make an appointment with an foot and ankle specialist at OrthoIndy

Sprained ankle treatment

Your sprained ankle treatment plan is determined by the grade of your sprain. Sprains are graded based on how much damage has occurred to the ligaments. Most sprains can be treated without surgery using the RICE protocol. Rest your ankle, ice your ankle 20 to 30 minutes, three to four times a day, wear compression dressing such as bandages or ace wraps and elevate your ankle above the level of your heart as often as possible within the first 48 hours.

Other nonsurgical treatments for sprains include: medication such as ibuprofen, crutches, immobilization such as a plastic cast or air brace, home exercises and physical therapy.

In extremely rare cases, where the sprain does not respond to nonsurgical treatment, surgery may be necessary. Surgical options include arthroscopy or reconstruction. Your orthopedic physician will determine the best course of treatment based on your specific injury.

View our sprained ankle exercise program here

Rehabilitation

With correct treatment, most patients will resume their daily activities after a short period of time.  To prevent sprains warm up before exercise, pay attention to foot placement when walking or running, wear shoes made for your activity and slow down or stop activities when you feel pain. If you are on uneven surfaces you should consider protective bracing. It is also important to make sure that you completely rehabilitate your ankle after any injury to prevent re-injury.

Learn more about foot and ankle treatment at OrthoIndy.
download the sports injury flowchart

Schedule an appointment

Your well-being is important to us. Click the button below or call us to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists. If your injury or condition is recent, you can walk right into one of our OrthoIndy Urgent Care locations for immediate care. For rehabilitation and physical therapy, no appointment is needed to see one of our physical therapists.

Megan Golden

By Megan Golden

Megan Golden worked at OrthoIndy from 2012 to 2019, where she wrote a variety of content for our blog, magazines and inbound campaigns. Megan graduated from Ball State University in 2012 with a bachelor’s degree in public relations and advertising and communications studies minor.

Related Posts

More from OrthoIndy

What is adult acquired flat foot?

What is adult acquired flat foot?

There are several causes for adult flatfoot, but most often flat feet is caused by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, which is when the posterior tendon that supports your arch becomes stretched out, irritated and worn down.

More

Common 4th of July injuries and safety tips

Common 4th of July injuries and safety tips

Whether you spend your Fourth of July on the lake or in your backyard, it’s important to celebrate the holiday safely. OrthoIndy Urgent Care is open for any slip or fall accidents that may occur when you are outside enjoying the holiday.

More

What are the most common injuries in track and field?

What are the most common injuries in track and field?

Track and field is a sport that has been around for years. In fact, the first college track meet was held in London in 1864 between Oxford and Cambridge. Track and field…

More

Get stories and News in your inbox

Subscribe to our weekly articles