February 28, 2019

What is hip impingement?

Diseases and Conditions | Hip

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), also referred to as hip impingement, is when extra bone grows along one or both of the bones that form the hip joint. The bones begin to rub against each other causing pain and damage to the joint.

Types of FAI

  • Pincer: Extra bone extends out over the normal rim of the socket
  • Cam: Bump forms on the edge of the femoral head that rubs on the cartilage inside the socket
  • Combined: Both pincer and cam are present

What causes femoroacetabular impingement?

Hip impingement is caused when bone spurs develop around the femoral head and or around the socket during childhood growing years. These extra bones cause abnormal contact between the hip bones which can result in tears of the labrum and osteoarthritis. When the hip bones are abnormally shaped, unfortunately, there isn’t much that can be done to prevent FAI.

What are the symptoms of hip impingement?

  • Pain
  • Limping
  • Stiffness

The pain can be a dull ache in your groin or on the outside of your hip. If you make turning, twisting or squatting movements, sharp pain can occur.

Physician examination

When you first start to experience symptoms, avoid activities that cause pain and rest your hip. If pain persists, visit a doctor so he/she can examine your hip. The physician may conduct an impingement test, X-ray, CT scan or MRI scan.

Make an appointment with an OrthoIndy hip specialist

How do you treat hip impingement?


  • Change daily activities and routine to reduce pain
  • Injections
  • Physical therapy


  • Arthoscropic procedure

Hip impingement outcome

Surgery helps reduce the symptoms of FAI. Depending on the severity of the injury, your surgeon will determine how much damage can be fixed and how long the recovery will take.

Learn more about hip injuries and conditions.

Schedule an appointment

Your well-being is important to us. Click the button below or call us to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists. If your injury or condition is recent, you can walk right into one of our OrthoIndy Urgent Care locations for immediate care. For rehabilitation and physical therapy, no referral is needed to see one of our physical therapists.

Schedule an Appointment Call OrthoIndy 317.802.2000
McKenzie Muchow

By McKenzie Muchow

McKenzie was the Marketing Coordinator at OrthoIndy from 2018 to 2021. McKenzie was responsible for online reputation management and the creation of individual physician websites. McKenzie graduated from Butler University in 2017.

Related Posts

More from OrthoIndy

Active mom seeks a hip replacement during a pandemic

Active mom seeks a hip replacement during a pandemic

Active mom Shelly Williams found everyday tasks difficult on her hip. OrthoIndy total joint replacement surgeon, Dr. Patrick Millikan provides a solution.


Rheumatoid arthritis vs osteoarthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis vs osteoarthritis

What is the difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis? Find out more and what kind of specialist to see for each condition.


What are the signs and symptoms of a hip flexor strain?

What are the signs and symptoms of a hip flexor strain?

Your hip flexors connect the top of your thigh bone (femur) to your lower back, hips and groin. These strains are caused by overusing the muscles and tendons.


Get stories and News in your inbox

Subscribe to our weekly articles