December 13, 2019

What is osteoarthritis?

Cartilage Restoration | Diseases and Conditions | Hip | Knee

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more of your joints that causes potential cartilage and bone degeneration. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is usually found in joints that hold your weight, like your knees, hips and lower back. 

What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis affects the thick, shiny white cushioning between your bones, called cartilage. Over time, the cartilage breaks down until there is no space between two bones and they rub together, causing stiffness, pain and restricted range of motion.

Osteoarthritis affects your knees, feet, hips, neck and lower back. It can also affect other joints if there was a previous injury.

What causes osteoarthritis?

Although physicians are unsure of the exact cause of osteoarthritis, it seems to happen when your body can’t repair its joint tissue like it usually does.

Osteoarthritis happens when your joints get old and worn down. Repetitive movement breaks down the cartilage and causes your bones to rub together. It is most prevalent if you are over 55 years old and can happen earlier if you participate in a sport where you use one joint repetitively, like a baseball pitcher.

Other factors that can play a role in osteoarthritis are your weight, a previous injury or overusing the joint. There is research suggesting osteoarthritis could be hereditary because you can contract it from a genetic defect in your collagen, which is a very important part of cartilage.

What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?

  • Pain worsening with activity
  • Joint stiffness
  • Limited range of motion
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • A grating sensation from your bones rubbing together
  • Inflammation

How do you diagnose osteoarthritis?

To determine whether you have osteoarthritis, the physician will ask you for a complete medical history, have you describe your symptoms and conduct a physical examination. An X-ray or MRI may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine if there are other problems.

Can osteoarthritis go away?

Unfortunately, there is no cure for osteoarthritis. However, surgery is usually avoidable, and your physician will first prescribe a nonsurgical treatment option. There are several choices to help alleviate your pain.

  • Over the counter medication
  • Physical therapy exercises
  • Occupational therapy
  • Cortisone injection
  • Stem cell injection*
  • PRP injection*
  • Weight loss
  • Stretching

As a last resort, your physician may suggest a total joint replacement surgery if all nonsurgical treatment options are ineffective.

*New studies show PRP and stem cell injections are an effective treatment to help ease pain caused by osteoarthritis. Ask your physician if you’re a candidate for these orthobiologics options. These injections are not guaranteed to take effect, but when they work, they will most likely decrease pain and improve function. 

Learn more about non-operative treatment options at OrthoIndy.

Schedule an appointment

Your well-being is important to us. Click the button below or call us to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists. If your injury or condition is recent, you can walk right into one of our OrthoIndy Urgent Care locations for immediate care. For rehabilitation and physical therapy, no referral is needed to see one of our physical therapists.

Schedule an Appointment Call OrthoIndy 317.802.2000
Gabby Carlson

By Gabby Carlson

Gabby is the current Marketing Content Writer at OrthoIndy. Gabby is responsible for writing a variety of content for our blog, magazine and inbound campaigns. Gabby graduated from Taylor University in 2019 with a bachelor’s degree in professional writing. She has been with OrthoIndy since October 2019.

Related Posts

More from OrthoIndy

What is hip tendonitis?

What is hip tendonitis?

Consistent running, walking or cycling makes it difficult for hip tendonitis to heal and a very common injury in athletes and people over 50.

More

How do I know if I sprained my knee?

How do I know if I sprained my knee?

Your knee joint is strong with thick tissues called ligaments keeping it together. When you turn your knee too far, ligaments stretch and cause a knee sprain.

More

What is Elbow Arthritis?

What is Elbow Arthritis?

Elbow arthritis occurs when the cartilage in your joint starts to break down. This injury often happens in athletes who use a repetitive motion, like baseball pitchers.

More

Get stories and News in your inbox

Subscribe to our weekly articles