October 24, 2016

Are sprains and strains just part of the game?

Sports Injury

Whether it’s volleyball, football, basketball or cross-country it seems like every athlete experiences a sprained ankle or a strained muscle in their career. In fact these minor injuries involving muscles, ligaments and/or tendons, cause the majority of sports injuries.

Can injuries be avoided?

“These injuries include contusions, more commonly referred to as bruises, sprains and strains,” said Dr. Carlos Berrios, an OrthoIndy sports medicine and pediatric orthopedic specialist. “Sprains and strains are uncommon in younger children because their growth plates are weaker than the muscles or tendons, but as children become young adults, sprains and strains occur more frequently.”

A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft tissue often produced by a blunt force such as a kick or gall. The immediate result is pain, swelling and discoloration. A sprain is a twisting injury or tear to a ligament. Sprains most often affect the ankles, knees or wrists. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon and is often caused by overuse, force or stretching.

Treatment and prevention

“Most contusions will go away on their own with minimal treatment. However, treatment plans for a sprain or strain will depend on the athletes age, overall health and medical history, the extent of the injury and the athlete’s tolerance for medications, procedures or therapies,” said Dr. Berrios.

Initial treatment for a sprain or strain is usually R.I.C.E. (rest, ice, compression and elevation). Other treatment options include: medications, activity restrictions, splint or cast, crutches or wheelchair, physical therapy and, in extreme cases, surgery.

“Contusions, sprains and strains usually heal quickly in children and adolescents,” said Dr. Berrios. “It is imperative that the adolescent follow the activity restrictions and rehabilitation programs to prevent re-injury.”

Most sports injuries are due to traumatic falls or overuse of muscles and joints. Many sports injuries can be prevented with proper conditioning and training, wearing appropriate protective gear and using proper equipment.

Learn more about sports medicine treatment at OrthoIndy.

Schedule an Appointment Call OrthoIndy 317.802.2000
Megan Golden

By Megan Golden

Megan is the current marketing specialist for OrthoIndy. Megan graduated from Ball State University in 2012 with a bachelor’s degree in public relations and advertising and a communications studies minor and has been with OrthoIndy since then.

Related Posts

More from OrthoIndy

Preventing sports-related injuries (and re-injury)

Preventing sports-related injuries (and re-injury)

A lot of sports related injuries can be prevented by following a few guidelines. We provide a few quick tips on how to prevent sports related injury and re-injury.

More

Sports injury: See a doctor or tough it out?

Sports injury: See a doctor or tough it out?

If you play sports of any kind or you are an active person, it’s likely you may get injured at some point. But when can you treat your injury at home or when should you see a doctor?

More

Hamstring strains: Symptoms and treatment options

Hamstring strains: Symptoms and treatment options

A hamstring strain or pulled hamstring is an injury to the muscles in the back of the thigh. Treatment is usually nonsurgical.

More

Get stories and News in your inbox

Subscribe to our weekly articles