Tennis was originally known as lawn tennis; it used to be played on grass courts by Victorian men and women. According to tennisindustry.org, around 17.9 million people play tennis today.
There are four major grand slam tennis tournaments: Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and the U.S. Open.
The U.S. Open starts in late August every year and the best tennis players in the world travel to compete in it. Once again the tournament will be held in Queens, New York like it has been since 1978.
Tennis injuries are common among all ages; even athletes at the highest level experience them. Dr. Andrew Vicar, OrthoIndy sports medicine physician, will discuss how to treat and prevent common tennis injuries.
What are the most common injuries in tennis?
“The most common injury I see is a fall or slip, landing on the wrist,” said Dr. Vicar. “This could result in a simple sprain resolving quickly or a fracture requiring the care of an orthopedic surgeon.”
1. Tennis Elbow: This condition is an inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. The forearm muscles and tendons become damaged (tendinopathy) from overuse and leads to pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow.
4. Common tennis injuries wrist: Wrist injuries from tennis can happen from a traumatic event or from chronic repetitive motions and can damage tendons, ligaments, bones and nerves.
How do you treat tennis injuries?
According to Dr. Vicar, any pain that persists should be evaluated, making it the first step of treatment. Follow the R.I.C.E technique along with NSAIDs. If symptoms do not improve, schedule an appointment to see a physician.
Your physician will ask you for a complete medical history and when you started experiencing pain, have you describe your symptoms and conduct a physical examination. “If the patient has severe acute pain, they would need X-rays to rule out a fracture,” said Dr. Vicar.
Your physician may recommend physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength. If rest and physical therapy do not relieve the pain, a steroid injection can be helpful. Lastly, if all non-operative pain management techniques don’t work, surgery may be the best option.
How can tennis injuries be prevented?
- Make sure you have the right gear. Dr. Vicar suggests you, “choose tennis shoes with good support and make sure you have a modern racket fitted for you.”
- Warm-up and cool down. Make sure your body is ready to compete to help prevent injuries. Cooling down can help reduce heart and breathing rates which can prevent pooling of blood in the lower extremities.
- Focus on technique. Evenly distributing your weight and being aware of where you are putting stress on your body, can help prevent overuse injuries.
According to Dr. Vicar, making sure you are physically fit to run backward can help decrease the chance of a tennis injury.
Schedule an appointment
Your well-being is important to us. Click the button below or call us to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists. If your injury or condition is recent, you can walk right into one of our OrthoIndy Urgent Care locations for immediate care. For rehabilitation and physical therapy, no referral is needed to see one of our physical therapists.